Tourism Labour Force Survey

Canadian Tourism Employment Monthly Snapshot – December 2018

(seasonally unadjusted)

In December 2018, the unemployment rate1 in the tourism sector was at 4.1%, which is 0.9% lower than the rate reported in December 2017, and lower than the previous month (November 2018), when the unemployment rate stood at 4.5%.

At 4.1%, tourism’s unemployment rate was well below Canada’s seasonally unadjusted unemployment rate of 5.2%.

All tourism industry groups reported lower unemployment rates than the same month last year (Table 1).

On a provincial basis, tourism unemployment rates ranged from 1.9% in Alberta to 18.8% in Prince Edward Island.

The seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates for tourism in each province, with the exception of Prince Edward Island, were below the rates reported for the provincial economy (Figure 1).

Tourism employment comprised 10.9% of the total Canadian labour force for the month of December.

Table 1 – Employment Rate by Tourism Industry Group – December  2017/2018
Tourism Industry Group2 Unemployment Rate –
December 2017
Unemployment Rate –
December 2018
Tourism 5.0% 4.1%
Accommodations 8.3% 6.3%
Food and Beverage 5.1% 4.4%
Recreation and Entertainment 6.3% 5.3%
Transportation 1.8% 1.2%
Travel Services 3.3% 0.0%
Figure 1 – Tourism Sector vs. Total Labour Force Unemployment Rates by Province (Seasonally Unadjusted)

1 To determine unemployment rates, industrial (NAICS) classifications are based on the most recent job held within the past year, and are self-identified by the respondent. Unemployed persons are those who, during the reference period, were available for work but were on temporary layoff, were without work, or were to start a new job within four weeks.

2 As defined by the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account. The NAICS industries included in the tourism sector are those that would cease to exist or operate at a significantly reduced level of activity as a direct result of an absence of tourism. Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey, customized tabulations. Based on data for the week ending December 8, 2018.


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