The Labour Force Survey (LFS), conducted by Statistics Canada, is the only source of monthly employment estimates for Canadian industries. It collects monthly standard labour market indicators and is a major source of information on the working-age population in all provinces.

Tourism HR Canada reviews the estimates available for tourism industries on an annual basis. HR Insider subscribers receive monthly estimates of employment and unemployment for each of tourism’s five industry groups and for each province. To sign up for HR Insider, click here.

Labour Force Survey Highlights 2017

The data presented is drawn from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey. It shows rates of unemployment in Canada’s tourism sector by province and by industry group.

All data presented here is seasonally unadjusted to allow comparisons between the tourism sector and the overall economy. As such, monthly and annual numbers for Canada’s entire labour force will differ from the seasonally adjusted numbers that are commonly reported on.

Annual Average Unemployment by Industry

Unemployment levels were lower in 2017 than the year before. This was true of the overall economy, the tourism sector, and each component industry group. The overall unemployment rate was 6.3%, while tourism was a full percentage point lower, at 5.3%. Notably, the economy is generally considered to be operating at full employment when the overall rate reaches 6.0 percentage points or lower.

Annual Average Unemployment by Province (Tourism vs. Labour Force)

The highest rates of unemployment occurred in the eastern regions of Canada. Prince Edward Island had the highest tourism unemployment rate, at 10.8%. It was only in the Maritime provinces that tourism unemployment exceeded overall unemployment. In every other province, the tourism sector experienced lower unemployment than the overall economy. The lowest annual tourism unemployment rate occurred in Saskatchewan, where it reached 3.9%.

National Monthly Unemployment Rate (Tourism vs. Labour Force)

Tourism’s unemployment rate was lower than the overall economy throughout the year. Tourism saw its lowest levels of unemployment in the summer months. The only months in which the unemployment rate rose above 6.0% were in January, February, and March.

Annual Unemployment Rate (Tourism vs. Labour Force) 2005–2017

Between 2005 and 2008, the tourism unemployment rate closely mirrored that of the Canadian economy. However, since 2008, those rates have diverged. Tourism unemployment has consistently been about a percentage point lower than the overall unemployment rate since 2009.

canada_govThis project is funded by the Government of Canada’s Sectoral Initiatives Program

Source: Adapted from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey. This does not constitute an endorsement by Statistics Canada of this product